Patrick McGrath Muñiz, Alba’s Dream, oil and gold leaf on canvas, 30 x 24 inches, collection of Toni-Leslie James

Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness

August 11, 2018 – October 20, 2018

August 11 – October 20, 2018

Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness is a major exhibition and series of public programs including music, spoken word, guest speakers, workshops, cuisine and artists’ talks (see Public Programming below). The exhibition presents the works of artists living and working on the island and in the diaspora. Through various media including painting, sculpture, photography and installation, the artists engage with issues of climate justice and disaster, continued colonialism and economic crisis. They also represent and celebrate the strong artistic traditions that have made Puerto Rico one of the most creatively vibrant places in
the world.

There is a sense of urgency in many of the new works included as artists negotiate their role in facing the challenges of recovery in the aftermath of hurricane Maria. According to participating artist Elsa María Meléndez, who lives and works on the island, “Puerto Rico needs us artists to confront images, engage, resist and agitate, strengthen the questioning of power systems, and explore unfamiliar lines of thought.
Puerto Rico’s current cultural crisis and art institutions face hardships worsened by hurricane Maria. Surviving the phenomenon and becoming active agents of solidarity and selflessness has led us toward
an ideological shift, in which audiences can internalize social issues and revalue educational alternatives. Culture and the arts are tools for human beings to reconstruct themselves.”

Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness features artists who continue to be beacons of hope and resilience. As a ‘non-incorporated’ territory of the United States, the island is struggling to recover from punishing debt and energy crises that expose the legacies of colonialism and the impacts of U.S. policies. In the aftermath of the devastation of Hurricane Maria, many on the island are still without basic necessities including electricity and water. In addition to the struggle against literal darkness, the island faces looming budget cuts in response to a
$72 billion debt. The large-scale exodus of thousands of Puerto Ricans to the U.S. mainland highlights both the inept government response to the current disaster as well as the ongoing implications of past legislation. The Jones Act of 1917 granted citizenship to Puerto Ricans, restricted its ports to U.S. ships only, and barred the territory from statehood. Despite these challenges, many Puerto Ricans are committed to recovery. Artists are playing a unique role in organizing relief efforts on the ground and by utilizing the arts to build hope and
promote the resourcefulness of the Puerto Rican people.


Adál’s photography series, Puerto Ricans Underwater, explores multiple meanings of being “underwater,” examining aesthetics and identity through collaboration with his subjects. Elsa María Meléndez’s Sprout Again is made from materials recovered from a fabric store that was destroyed by Hurricane Maria and reflects on themes of renewal. Patrick McGrath Muñiz looks to Renaissance painting techniques to explore contemporary Puerto Rican identity, climate change and the economic challenges that many individuals are facing on the Island. Antonio Martorell’s series of graphic works entitled Loas, addresses themes of Afro- Latino identity and colonialism. Juan Sánchez’s lithographs produced at the Tamarind Institute explore identity within the context of colonialism and imperialism. He explores the “multicultural reality of North Americans.” Frances Gallardo’s
graphic works and installations analyze hurricanes and other aspects of the natural world. She is interested in going beyond the sensationalism of the disaster to reflect on the underlying social and political fissures that are revealed.

Chemi Rosado-Seijo’s long-term project with the residents of the working class town of El Cerro began in 2002 focusing on community engagement through art. As an artist and activist, his interventions in communities bring attention to social and political issues and help build a sense of identity. Myritza Castillo’s photographs examine the Puerto Rican landscape from diverse perspectives utilizing mirrors to refract her
imagery of architectural and natural spaces. Rafael Trelles’ diptych pays homage to Carlos Raquel Rivera with a photo-montage displayed alongside the 1950 print documenting Hurricane Santa Clara. Aby Ruiz’s paintings look to the history of art and Puerto Rico to comment on the present. His iteration of Ramón Frade’s El pan nuestro (Our Daily Bread) depicts the iconic image of a campesino - but rather than carrying crops, he is bound by a straitjacket.

Nathan Budoff’s urban scenes juxtaposed with ocean life reflect on issues of dislocation, environmental degradation, the tenuous situation of the island and the ambiguity of being neither part of the U.S. nor independent. Hector Arce-Espasas’ vessels are reminiscent of the over owing fruit bowls popular in 17th century Europe and serving as symbols of wealth and social class. Ripe tropical fruit and the body coalesce to create an interplay between history and contemporary indulgence and exoticism. Jo Cosme’s set of Arcana Majora Tarot inspired cards visually represent the events that occurred right after Hurricane María.

Kai Margarida-Ramirez’s silkscreen collage entitled Fault Lines incorporates floor tiles from her grandmother’s home in Puerto Rico to explore the fallibility of memory and the process of connecting to a familial and cultural past. Influenced by mapping and topography of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean, Ramón Bonilla creates paintings and wall installations re-imagining architectural spaces as a way of looking to the future. crashlovedog (aka Michael Beltran), is creating a papier mâché bust of Carmen Yulín Cruz, the current mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico, to celebrate the strength of the women of the island and honor her for her service in the aftermath of the hurricane when she sought to defy darkness by steadfastly voicing the needs of the people.


Dr. Josie Lopez, Curator a 516 ARTS, was born and raised in Albuquerque. She received her B.A. in History and M.A. in Teaching from Brown University. She completed an M.A. in Art History at the University
of New Mexico and her Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley. Her research interests include examining art as a discursive agent in the political arena, modern and contemporary Latin American
art, 19th century France and Mexico, and the history of New Mexican art with a focus on printmaking. Lopez recently wrote the book The Carved Line: Block Printmaking in New Mexico and curated the accompanying
exhibition at the Albuquerque Museum. Lopez has been a Jacob K. Javits Fellow and an Eleanor Tufts Fellow. She has taught courses on modern Mexico and the prints of Francisco Goya at SMU, and courses on the
history of printmaking and European art at the University of New Mexico.


Cullen Curtiss, “Art Buzz”, Local Flavor

Maggie Grimason, “Vital Growth”, Weekly Alibi

Brian Nixon, “Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness Artist Patrick McGrath Muñiz”, Assist News

Brian Nixon, “Art and Community” Assist News

Grace Parazzoli, “Of colonialism and climate change: the art of post-Maria Puerto Rico”, Santa Fe New Mexican

Kathaleen Roberts, “Bringing Illumination”, Albuquerque Journal

  • image from Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness
    Nathan Budoff
  • image from Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness
    Ramón Bonilla
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    Hector Arce Espasas
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    Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness installation view. From left: Frances Gallardo, crashlovedog (center), Myritza Castillo and Jo Cosme
  • image from Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness
    Myritza Castillo
  • image from Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness
    Jo Cosme
  • image from Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness
    Frances Gallardo
  • image from Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness
    Elsa Maria Meléndez
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    Aby Ruiz courtesy Lannan Foundation (left)
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    Patrick McGrath Muñiz courtesy the collection of Toni-Leslie James (left) courtesy Evoke Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM (center, right)
  • image from Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness
    Juan Sánchez, courtesy Tamarind Institute
  • image from Puerto Rico: Defying Darkness